Russian wheat yields are growing

Growing yields are the key driver behind the increase of production of wheat in Russia.

Growing yields are the key driver behind the increase of production of wheat in Russia. From 2009 to 2018 they increased by around 20%, to 2.7 mt/ha of the planted area. During this period the area was more or less stable, in 25-28 mln ha range. In 2017 thanks to almost ideal weather yields hit a new record high of 3.1 mt/ha and the country harvested a record crop of 86 mln mt (85.2 mln mt ex. Crimea).

To put this in perspective, the US harvests around 3-3.5 mt/ha and EU – 5-6 mt/ha on average.

Russian yields grow thanks to better agrotechnology (better crop protections, machinery, and seeds) and growing share of winter wheat which typically has significantly higher yields compared to spring varieties.

In 2019 we expect average yields to be close to trend and slightly below 2017 level. New wheat crop is currently estimated at 83.4 mmt (around 82.8 mmt ex. Crimea).

Russian wheat yields 2009-2018 (mt/ha planted area)

Follow the Black Sea grain market

Get your free trial of The Sizov Report — an analytical service covering agricultural markets of Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan

Try for free

More Articles for You

Weekly round-up of Black Sea grain market – May 23

Russian wheat exports to tumble to 0.8 mmt in May, Ukraine is seeding corn fast despite the war

Weekly round-up of Black Sea grain market – May 16

Russian wheat exports to halve in May, no signs of de-escalation

Weekly round-up of Black Sea grain market – May 9

The weekly review of key Black Sea wheat and corn events

SovEcon ups Russian wheat crop forecast; Russia and Ukraine could export 60+ mmt of wheat in 2022/23

Russia could harvest 87 mmt of wheat in 2022; Russia + Ukraine 2022/23 wheat exports to reach 60+ mmt

SovEcon: 2022/23 Russian wheat crop and exports could be record-high

Excellent weather conditions and good inputs availability could lead to a record-high Russian wheat crop

Ukrainian 2022 grain crop to decline substantially

New Ukrainian wheat crop could decline by 19%, corn – by 34%, says SovEcon